Guangzhou>About>The City

Guangzhou, place for travel, business, and living

(chinadaily.com.cn)Updated : 2017-11-01

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1. Basic Information

As the capital of Guangdong province, Guangzhou sits at the lower reaches of the Pearl River in the province's south-central region. The sprawling metropolis spans an area of 7,434.4 sq km and serves as the political and cultural center of Guangdong. North of both the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions, Guangzhou's location in the Pearl River Delta has long secured the city's position as the leading entry and exit shipping port of Chinese mainland, earning the city the title of China's "Southern Gateway".

Located in the South Asia Tropical Zone and nestled between both mountains and sea, Guangzhou experiences a typical monsoon-marine climate with warm temperatures, ample rain, low temperature differentials, extended summers and a short frost period. Winters in the city are cold and dry, while summers are wet with high temperatures and a high humidity index.

The city's immensely developed infrastructure has made Guangzhou an important travel hub in the mainland. The Beijing-Guangzhou, Guangzhou-Shenzhen, Guangzhou-Maoming and Guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou railway systems offer high-speed rail services capable of reaching all major cities across the whole of China in one day or less.

As one of the most developed industrial centers in China, Guangzhou is a mass distribution hub for both foreign and domestic goods. The cities annually handles $130 billion yuan ($18.97 billion) and nearly 800 billion yuan in foreign and domestic products, respectively.

Three-hundred and twenty enterprises, including 283 Fortune Global 500 companies, have established their Chinese branch headquarters in the city. Microsoft, IBM, Samsung and Cisco are among the many that have chosen to make Guangzhou their home in mainland China.

In 2017, retail sales of consumer goods totaled 940.259 billion yuan, an increase of 8.0 percent over the previous year. The total value of imports and exports was 971.44 billion yuan, up 13.7 percent over 2016, with exports totaling 579.22 billion yuan, up 12.3 percent, and imports totaling 392.22 billion yuan, up 16.0 percent.

2. Administrative Districts and Population

As of Dec 31, 2017, Guangzhou housed a diverse population of 14,498,400 across its 11 districts. 

Guangzhou is well-known for its highly livable environment, topping the people's livelihood development index in China for two consecutive years.

Districts of Guangzhou: YuexiuLiwanHaizhuTianheBaiyunHuangpuHuaduPanyuNanshaConghua and Zengcheng.

3. History

With a rich history of over 2,230 years, Guangzhou has been awarded State Council recognition as a National Famous Historic and Cultural City. Under the reign of Emperor Qinshihuang in 214 BC, the State of Qin conquered the region of Lingnan. The construction of Panyu Town soon followed under the order of Nanhai Governor Ren Xiao. That town, commonly referred to as Ren Xiao town, is the first origins of what would later become a prosperous grand harbor of the Maritime Silk Road and the thriving metropolis of modern-day Guangzhou.

An ancient legend tells of five celestial beings descending upon Guangzhou riding five rams of differing colors. In the mouths of the rams were sheaves of rice. It is said the celestial beings bestowed the sheaves of rice to the people of Guangzhou so that the city would be forever free from famine. A sculpture of five rams currently stands in the city's Yuexiu Park, and along with this legend has earned Guangzhou the nickname "The City of Rams".

4. Foreign Relations

Hailed as the "Pearl on the Tropic of Cancer", Guangzhou is a hub connecting the Chinese mainland with the rest of the world. The city maintains trade links with more than 220 countries and regions around the globe. Guangzhou's Baiyun International Airport services 136 shipping routes across five continents on a daily basis. Guangzhou Port has opened 150 container shipment routes, trading with over 400 ports in more than 100 countries and regions worldwide, making the city a veritable beacon of open market trade on the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.

Housing 62 foreign consulates generals by April 2018, Guangzhou has also established sister city relations with 37 international cities: Fukuoka (Japan), Los Angeles (US), Manila (the Philippines), Vancouver (Canada), Sydney (Australia), Bari (Italy), Lyon (France), Frankfurt (Germany), Auckland (New Zealand), Gwangju (Republic of Korea), Liknoping (Sweden), Durban (South Africa), Bristol (Britain), Yekaterinburg (Russia), Arequipa (Peru), Surabaya (Indonesia), Vilnius (Lithuania), Birmingham (Britain), Hambantota (Sri Lanka), Recife (Brazil), Tampere (Finland), Bankok (Thailand), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Dubai (the United Arab Emirates), Kuwait City (Kuwait), Kazan (Russia), Istanbul (Turkey), Harare (Zimbabwe), San Jose (Costa Rica), Noboribetsu (Japan), Valencia (Spain), Rabat (Morocco), Lodz (Poland), Ahmedabad (India), Pokhara (Nepal), Quito (Ecuador) and Santiago (Chile).

5. Economy

In 2017, Guangzhou's GDP reached 2.15 trillion yuan, increasing by 7.0 percent over the previous year calculated at comparable prices (the same below). The added value of the primary industry was 23.35 billion yuan, down 1.0 percent; that of the secondary industry 601.53 billion yuan, up 4.7 percent; and that of the tertiary industry 1.53 trillion yuan, up 8.2 percent. The proportion is 1.09:27.97:70.94. Guangzhou's per capita GDP also reached 150,678 yuan in 2017.

6. Tourism

In 2017, the number of Guangzhou's overnight visits was 62.76 million, an increase of 5.6 percent over 2016, with inbound tourists accounting for 9.00 million, an increase of 4.5 percent, and domestic tourists 53.75 million, an increase of 5.8 percent.

Inbound tourists, including those from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, increased by 4.2 percent. The revenue of the tourism industry totaled 361.42 billion yuan, up 12.3 percent and the foreign exchange earnings from tourism was $6.31 billion, an increase of 7.6 percent.

7. Public Services

Most foreign-related government agencies in Guangzhou are able to handle information requests, complaints and formalities in English. The majority of major government agencies also maintain bilingual Chinese and English websites offering information on policies, rules, guidelines, business registration, taxation and other related procedures online.

Government offices are open from Monday to Friday (excluding statutory public holidays) from 8:30 am to noon, and from 2 pm to 5.30 pm. Appointments can be made in advance for individuals requiring government services during public holidays.

8. Food

As one of the Eight Culinary Traditions of Chinese Cuisine, Cantonese cuisine is characterized by its great diversity of ingredients, elaborate preparation and strong emphasis on texture, aroma and taste. Soups, tea, dim sum and midnight snacks are a large part of the local culinary culture.

The city is home to numerous century-old restaurants providing Cantonese and Chaozhou style dishes. Culinary styles from other regions of China, such as Hunan, Sichuan, Shandong and Huaiyang, can also be readily found throughout Guangzhou. Western-style restaurants, coffee houses and fast food outlets are also plentiful in the city.

Due to its subtropical climate, Guangzhou is capable of producing fruit year round. Litchi, bananas, pawpaw and pineapple have been deemed the "Top Four Fruits of Lingnan", however, mango, starfruit, longan, jackfruit and watermelon are also immensely popular among the locals.

9. Shopping and Recreation

Considered a shopper's paradise, almost everything from luxury items of leading international brands to low-priced daily necessities can be easily found in Guangzhou. The city houses numerous wholesale markets which trade and distribute foreign and domestic goods. Tee Mall, Grandview Mall and major tourist attractions throughout the city offer fabulous souvenirs for travelers.

A wealth of recreational activities can be experienced in Guangzhou. Classical Chinese and modern international performances are regularly staged at the Guangzhou Opera House, Xinghai Concert Hall, the Friendship Theater and the Sun Yat-sen Memorial. Art exhibitions are also regularly on display at the Guangzhou Art Gallery, the Guangzhou Museum of Art, the Guangzhou Library and the Guangdong Museum of Art.

Chimelong Paradise, Xiangjiang Safari Park, the Guangzhou Zoo and the Baiyun Mountain Scenic Area offer stunning natural environments for leisure and relation away from the hustle and bustle of Guangzhou’s busy streets. Luhu Golf Course, tennis and badminton on Shamian and Ersha Islands, numerous yoga clubs and the Total Fitness Club offer visitors many delightful ways to unwind and get some physical exercise.

Guangzhou's nightlife offers many options for locals and visitors alike. Night cruises on the Pearl River, films at the Warner Jinyi Cinema and singing with friends in KTV parlors are just some of the ways to pass the evening hours in the city. Guangzhou also has a number of themed bars located on Fangcun bar street, Huanshi Road and the Pearl River Pati bar street.

For the latest information regarding government policies and local public services please visit: www.eguangzhou.gov.cn.

Foreign Affairs Office of Guangzhou Municipal People's Government

Address: Bldg 3, No 1 Fuqian Road, Guangzhou

Tel: 8620-83125513         

Website: http://www.gzwaishi.gov.cn